Fundamentals of Nutrition
BIO 1400 / Macomb Community College
Cliff Belleau - Adjunct Instructor
  "Eat food. Not too much. Mostly plants." Michael Pollan  
  Student Lecture Slides, Homework Assignments, and Articles of Interest  
  C1 - Nutrition - Everyday Choices  
> Welcome / Orientation
> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
Log onto iProfile.
Review content in "upper right hand corner" of Home Page:
1. Check Your Nutri-Sense
2. Estimating Portion Sizes
3. Nutrients Unwrapped
4. Recipe Builder.
5. Create your user profile. // Print profile - Assignment due on Wednesday 8/26/2015
Articles of Interest
> Physicist Seeks to "Lose the Lecture" as Teaching Tool
> Color Wheel of Phytochemical in Food
> List of Phytochemicals in Food
> Phytochemicals and Their Role in Obesity
How to earn an "A" in this class?
It is important to come to class prepared to learn. You should read the text before we cover the topics in class. My lectures are simply a review of the assigned reading assignments. Lectures are not designed to take the place of reading the book!

Lectures do not replace "time spent to LEARN the key ideas".
> If you don't keep up with the reading assignments, then you will fall behind the class. This will ultimately result in poor test results. See syllabus for grading rubic.
Your grade is determined by your exams points (75%) and term paper (25%). You will also have an opportunity to earn Bonus Points which will be added to your exam point total by doing select homework assignments. The exam questions are mostly multiple choice and designed to access your knowledge of the "learning objectives". These are outlined by the MC3 Science Department (see handout). The learning objectives are highlighted throughout the book and in the lecture PowerPoint slides. Exam questions are similar to the review questions at the end of each chapter in your assigned textbook. (See Chart)
> Here is what you need to do in order to prepare for a unit exam:
1) Complete the reading assignments.
2) Be able to answer the Learning Objectives
3) Be able to answer the "Concept Ceck" questions after each chapter topic.
4) Be able to answer the "Self-Test" questions at the end of each chapter.
5) Review the lecture slides and lecture notes
6) You can use Orion's "self-directed" study aids to access your knowledge.
7) Form a study group with three or four classmates and meet on a regular schedule to discuss learning objectives..

  C2 - Guidelines for a Healthy Diet  
> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
> The Scientific Method
> Anatomy of a Food Label
> Calories in a Sandwich
> Food Label Calculation (1)
> Food Label Calculations (2)
> Nutrient Density
> Water Content of Food
> How Many Colors Are In Your Dinner?
Articles of Interest
> Better Health With Good Food Choices
> 10 States With the Deadliest Eating Habits
> Six Good Breakfast Meals (Still Not the Best!)
> Food Labels

C3 - Digestion: From Meals to Molecules

> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
> Active Transport by Group Translocation
> Biochemical Pathway
> Digestion Metabolism Overview
> DNA Structure
> Enzyme Action and Hydrolysis of Sucrose
> Hormones and Gastric Secretion
> How Diffusion Works
> Organs of Digestion
> Reflexes in the Colon
> Renal Process
> Absorption of Nutrients
> Blood Flow During Absorption
Articles of Interest
> 10 Things Never to Eat From Vending Macine
> Worst Foods in America
> 20 Worst Salty Foods in America
> Beware: Misleading Ingredient Names Explained

C4 - Carbohydrates: Surgars, Starches, and Fibers

> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
> Blood Sugar Regulation in Diabetics
> Comparing Carbohydrates
> Digestion and Absorption of Carbohydrates
> Glucose Metabolism
> Regulation of Glucose Metabolism
> Maintaing Normal Blood Glucose Levels
> Blood Glucose Regulation
Articles of Interest
> Low Carbohydrate Benefits
> Seaweed: New Hip Food
> Are Energy Drinks Dangerous to Your Health
> Nine Scariest Food Facts
> Food vs Minutes of Exercise

C5 - Lipids: Fats, Phospholipids, and Sterols

> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
> Absorption and Digestion of Lipids
> Lipid Transport
> Metabolism of Lipids
Articles of Interest
> Lipoprotein Metabolism
> Trans Fat FDA
> Obesity by the Numbers

C6 - Proteins and Amino Acids

> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
> Digestion and Absorption of Proteins
> Metabolism of Proteins
> Complementary Proteins
> Limiting Amino Acids
> Protein and Muscle Production
> Protein Denaturation
Articles of Interest
> Gluten Sensitivity / It's Related to But Not Celiac Disease
> Portion Sizes Now and Then
> Sizing Up Food Portion Sizes

C7 - Vitamins

> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
> Vitamins Acting as Coenzymes
> Vitamin B12 Role in Metabolism
> Action of Antioxidants
> Body Mass Index
> Bomb Calorimeter
> Energy for Activity
Articles of Interest
> Twenty Worst Foods in America
> Worst Restaurant Breakfasts in America
> Ten States with the Deadliest Eating Habits
> Six Good Breakfast Meals
> What is the Average American Diet? (Hint: it is not good!)
> Obesity By the Numbers
> Ten Worst Fast-Food Meals

C8 - Water and Minerals

> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
> Acid Base Balance
Articles of Interest
> Scientist find "master gene" for obesity.
> Sugar Should Be Regulated as Toxin

C9 - Energy Balance and Weight Management

> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
> Hormonal Communication
> How Osmosis Works
> Nerve Implulse
> Water Content of Food
Articles of Interest

C10 - Nutrition, Fitmess, and Physical Activity

> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
> Hemolysis and Crenation
Articles of Interest
> Phytochemicals in Food
> Phytochemicals Help to Fight Obesity
> Color Wheel of Phytochemicals

C11 - Nutrition During Pregnancy and Infancy

> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
> Bone Growth in Width
> Osteoporosis
Articles of Interest
> Vitamin D Deficiency Syndrome
> How Breast Milk Protects Newborns

C12 - Nutrition From 1 to 100

> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
> B Vitamins
> Hemoglobin Breakdown
Articles of Interest

C13 - How Safe is Our Food Supply?

> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
Articles of Interest

C14 - Feeding the World

> Lecture PPt
Home Work Assignments
Articles of Interest

Valued Web Resources

> National Institutes of Health
> Center for Disease Control and Prevention
> American Council on Science & Health
> Food and Drug Administration
> American Dietetic Association
> MyPyramid.Gov / Food Planning & Analysis (Free!)
> Nutrition Data / Create "Food Fact Labels"
> Calorie King for Food Awareness
> Go Dairy Free
> Environmental Working Group
> National Council Against Health Fraud
> Quackwatch: Outrageous "Claims" in Advertising

Recommended Books for Health Care Professionals

> The End of Overeating by David A. Kessler, MD
> The Healing of America: A Global Quest for Better,
Cheaper, and Fairer Health Care by T.R. Reid
> Food Inc. by Robert Kenner : Watch on YouTube a brief introduction to this important award winning documentary about "the food-industrial complex".
> Food Inc.  / Reviews by Los Angeles Times, Variety, Entertainment Weekly :  Visit Mr. Kenner's official site to find reviews and detailed information about this important work.
Previous Homework Assignments
9/2 - Homework Assignments / Due Wednesday 9/9
1. Wiley Key Resources / Nutrition Activities - Do Drag-n-Drop Understanding Nutrition Guidelines (just complete exercise)
2. Wiley Key Resources / Nutrition Activities - Do Work It Out - Using Nutrition Guidelines (bring in answers to this assignment)
3. Do a one day food log for your "Labor Day" food intake. Imput your food intake into the iProfile "food journal". After you complete the "food journal" then goto iProfile's Resources and print the "My Plate" data output.
  8/26 iProfile Homework (turn in for bonus pts 8/31) // Key Resources 1) What's on My Plate? 2) Portion Sizes - write out equivalents and turn in for bonus points (List of Questions)  

2015/8/24 - 3PM // Student Portal Link to WileyPLUS is now active. Click on the link below. This will take you to a Web log on screen. Since this is the first time to this Web site, you will need to "Create an Account". Cclick on the green button on the right side of the log on page. This will take you to a third page where you will type in the "WileyPLUS key" (key = number) that you received with your textbook. Once you are on the WileyPLUS site then go ahead and check out some of the resources. You will want to visit the "iProfile" button (this is one of the WileyPLUS resources) so you can create an "user account" for iProfile (name, height, weight, activity level, age, etc. ). This is the first step you must complete for your term paper assignment. You will want to print the user profile page and bring to class for bonus points. There is a technical support service number which you can call if you have a problem.

Once you log onto the site, at the bottom of the page you will icons which represent "key resources". The first icon on the left is the icon for iProfile. This is where you must go to set up your user profile (bonus points!). If you have time visit the other icons to sample some of the information. From the iProfile "home page" you will want to click on the links at the upper right hand corner.

I know new software can be very frustrating to navigate. Take your time and play around with the commands. This is part of the learning curve.


1. Wiley iProfile /Here are the McDonald's daily diets. In class you were assigned one of the four daily diets. You must enter your assigned diet into iProfile and then print the food log, as well as two data reports: My Plate and the spreadsheet report. Look at the data output for your diet. Use My Plate to determine the value of your diet. Secondly, use the spreadsheet output to determine total calories, calories from carbohydrate, protein, and fat. Look at the nutrient content of your diet and make suggestions on how you could improve the diet.

NOTE: If you put "McDonald" into the food journal search box then you will generate a list of all McDonald's food items. This will make it easier to create your food log! If you can not fine the "exact" item then select the closest match.

NOTE: Highlight and record the following items on the spreadsheet report: Calores from carbohydrate, proteins, and fat; Total fiber (soluble vs insoluble); Sodium;

  Homework 1  
  Homework 2  

Homework 3

  Homework 4  
  Bomb Calorimeter  

My iProfile